Monday, 24 April 2017

A Sad Day for Turkey

The razor-thin victory (51.3% to 48.7%) of Turkey’s President Erdogan in the referendum held on April 16 in fact denies Erdogan the mandate to govern with the sweeping powers the new constitution grants the President, especially when the results of the referendum are seriously contested. Even if there was no outright fraud or irregularities in the votes (which by all accounts were rampant), the conditions under which the referendum was held made a mockery of free and fair elections. Given Erdogan’s domestic and foreign policy conduct leading up to the referendum, the US and the EU must now seriously reevaluate Turkey’s role in NATO, its viability as an ally in the fight against ISIS, and its trustworthiness under the presidency of Erdogan.
There are at least 25 factors that delegitimize the referendum and its results, and once implemented, the repercussions on Turkey’s future will be dire and essentially seal the fate of the country’s prospective democracy:
The referendum was held under a state of emergency, in place since the July 2016 coup;
The referendum followed a purge, spreading fear and anxiety throughout the country;
The referendum was held under strict security conditions due to acts of terror by the PKK and ISIS;
Opposition members were intimidated, many of whom were imprisoned, shot, or beaten;
Concerns over personal safety inhibited the expression of a plurality of views;
Millions of Turks believe the referendum codifies Turkey as a dictatorship;
Many instances of voter fraud appeared to be captured on camera;
The new constitution inflicts a death blow to checks and balances in exercising power;
The “Yes” campaign received far greater media coverage than its opponents;
Professional associations were not allowed to hold campaign events to promote “NO”;
Top officials distorted campaign narratives equating the “NO” supporters to terrorists;
Erdogan falsely portrayed the referendum as the people’s choice in order to consolidate power;
The razor-thin victory strongly suggests that Erdogan has no mandate to rule;
Nearly 1 million ballots that were not stamped were considered valid;
Referendum shows that a cult of personality has become the new governing principle;
Erdogan skillfully used foreign foes and conspiracy theories to rally his Islamic base;
Domestic and international observers voiced serious doubts about legality of the process;
Voters were forced to vote on 18 amendments affecting 72 articles in a single package;
Voters weren’t provided with impartial information to make an informed choice;
The electoral board lacked transparency, whose sessions were closed to the public;
The arrest of over 100 journalists under emergency laws prohibited free expression;
A total of 158 media outlets were closed, including newspapers, TV, and radio stations;
Prior to the referendum, more than 1,500 civil society organizations were dissolved;
The freedom of assembly and association were restricted under the state of emergency;
Many Turks who fled the country out of fear were unable to vote.
Most observers from inside and outside the country predict that the referendum and its result will lead to greater polarization of the country. The fact that the new social contract is now based on an extremely fragile social, political, and economic foundation is bound to backfire.

Erdogan is a madman. By turning his country into a Caliphate he's making out as an enemy of the Western civilisation. This will not end well.

[Posted at the SpookyWeather blog, April 24th, 2017.]

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